Working Sessions | Psychology and Educational Sciences

CURRENT SUBMISSIONS (3rd of September):

I.L.Caragiale: The Universe of School

Banciu Viorica
Faculty of Socio-Human Sciences, University of Oradea

The theme of school is common in the literary works of authors belonging to different historical moments, confirming the sensitivity of the novel to life an important issue: the training and knowledge that makes possible the school as social institution. The concern is neither accidental, nor free for literature, in turn, influences the life of reality, because of its power to propose to accredit models and reinforce a value system. "Heroes persecute me ... swarming my mind ... speak ... I see their gestures, I hear the words. But I do not even know exactly what they say or what they do, then, I grab to write, and leave them and say to yourself up. " I.L. Caragiale's interest in school is the fact that in the space of this institution faces three types of mind: the students, teachers, parents. May be surprised by its variants such, social, age, intellectual training a more general mentality, place and time, gives rise to good or evil in society. Caragiale, always concerned about the few words say a lot, he made true miniatures each of crystal clarity of the work thoroughly finished, and all with the brightness of a string in which each segment to highlight the others, revealing their new values and new meanings. 

Early traumatic antecedents in patients with borderline personality disorder: case studies

Dana Bichescu-Burian
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian  Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815. 

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental condition with extensive psychopathology and accompanied by a variety of comorbidities, such as posttraumatic and dissociative symptoms. Patients with BPD ubiquitously report numerous adverse events (e.g. abusive experiences, neglect) in early life and substantially more traumatic experiences than healthy persons and persons with other personality disorders. There are significant associations between the exposure to aversive events and subsequent psychopathological features of the patients. This has important implications for psychological treatment. Fundamental psychotherapeutic tasks are the improvement of interactional, emotional, and perceptual deficits, the processing of traumatic experiences, and the alleviation of associated symptoms and disorders, such as anxiety and depression. I intend to illustrate such psychopathological and psychotherapeutic particularities by using case studies of BPD patients.

 

From spiritual ‘akedia’ towards the understanding of the students’ lack of motivation

Buju Smaranda
DPPD, Tehnical University ,,Gheorghe Asachi,, Iasi

The present study is an empirical research and analytical approach of a phenomenon that is challenging not only for teachers (from secondary and post-secondary education), but also for educational psychologists: lack of motivation in students. Its subtle manifestations are: disguised boredom, apathy, weariness, reluctance, the ‘empty look’ and ‘empty mind’ or the sensation of the ‘absent mind’ (of the pupil/ student) etc, a plethora of behavioral phenomena that became in some instances so generalized and chronicized, that they generated certain attitudes and behaviors in teachers, that only perpetuate and intensify those behaviors. Motivational strategies, learned in formal teacher training programs, prove to be of reduced effectiveness and the modern didactic technologies still couldn’t reach some of the minds. We attempted to understand the phenomenon of demotivation in a broader context, not only in that developed by the modern theories of learning, but in the light of the psycho-spiritual analyses of a 4th century scholar, monk by its ‘profession’, ‘specialized’ in life the hermit. His non-scientific psychology is very useful in describing the akedia phenomenon (boredom, listlessness, lethargy of the soul etc.) and can offer significant cognitive insights for changing attitudes and implicitly, changing the coercive, aggressive, passive, resigned or accusing responses that represent the usual reactions to this problem. The psychological profoundness of the comments of Evagrius of Pontus, analyzed by Gabriel Bunge, gives a scientific consistency and weight to the subject, provoking the researcher to transcend the commodity of statistical analyses and the safety of specialty tenets. 

The Impact of Globalization on Lifelong Learning

Chirimbu Sebastian Cristian
Dept.of Specialized Languages USH/ Centre of Research, Resources and European Studies

Education can no longer be regarded as just a mix of services and products that are delivered to a beneficiary, or in other words, a consumer good. It is also a capital good because not only does it offer utility to a consumer but also serves as an input into the production of other goods and services. As a capital good, education can be used to develop the human resources necessary for economic and social transformation. This new focus on education as a capital good relates to the concept of human capital, which emphasizes that the development of skills is an important factor in production activities and that education creates improved citizens and helps to upgrade the general standard of living in a society. Ideally, it justifies the need for larger public expenditure on education, the decision makers having in mind the presumed economic return of investment in education both at the macro and micro levels. Several factors drive the demand for learning in the global economy and Romania is not an exception: access to information, rapid technological changes, global interactions, and the increasing entry-level skills requirement. Adult education must be approached strategically as the global economy continues to be affected by crisis and only cautious optimism can be felt regarding the worldwide fiscal recovery. Romania’s answer to the challenges of a globalized world in the field of education was a new law of education issued in 2011, which gives paramount importance to LLL. As far as the human resources activating in the field of education are concerned, they need to complete a certain number of credit every academic year, therefore we can state that LLL is part of their job description. Well known in the world are the European educational programmes that promote the mobility of both students and educators, such as Erasmus, Comenius but my intention is not to insist on them in this presentation; rich information on them can be found on the EU specialized sites. 

Personal Epistemologies and Higher Education - Towards an Understanding of Students' Beliefs about Knowledge

Creţu Ioana
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was mad e within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815. 

How do students know what they know? How do they choose what and whom to believe? Such questions have caught the attention of many generations of psychologists, for what anecdotal and empirical data has revealed as a reason of particular significance to the world of (higher) education: one's personal understanding of what constitutes knowledge and how it can be attained does seem to play an active role in how one approaches learning and what one gets out of the learning experience. On this occasion, we shall bring forth the quantitative results of a study undertaken in 2012 on Romanian students, using a set of questionnaires including the Epistemological Beliefs Survey. The data will be critiqued in light of similar studies conducted elsewhere as well as our direct contact with and knowledge of the students, many of whom have agreed to share their identities specifically so that we may be able to detect weaknesses in what are otherwise a popular method and instrument in the field.

Framing the cancer patients' life experiences and attitudes: a psychosomatic approach

Ruxandra Filipescu
Municipal Hospital Paşcani, Paliative Care Unit

Co-authors: George  Macarie, Ana Voichita Tebeanu

Several trends in psychology and medicine were concerned about the way mental states may influence the body. In 1846 Dr. W. Walsh Hyle presumed the influence of personal factors in cancer, claiming that denial of such evidences would have meant a fight against reason. The hypothesis of the relations between body and mind was included by Freud in the concept of the unconscious, followed by Jung who developed the term shadow, and later by the psychosomatic medicine through the intra-psychic conflicts' intervention assumption. Among theorists, a leading figure is Franz Alexander, who sees the body as a temple of symbolic expression, showing a language of inner psychic conflicts, starting with the first symptoms and reaching to serious illnesses like cancer. In the same direction we can find also R. Dahlke, promoting the concept of normopathy, referring to individuals adherent to social norms to the extent of being unable to refuse others, often neglecting their own needs and experiencing difficulties in recognizing their emotions or wishes. In the present paper, we studied seven patients suffering from neoplazic disease. The psychological evaluation shows a reduced emotional expression and self-disclosure, along with an exacerbated tendency to control and rigidity regarding the changes produced by life events. We identify a number of life events rated as negative, to which the patients respond by reactions of internalization, lack of expression or denial. In the presented cases, the life history of a person and family or social model seem to shape certain psychological experiences, which can sometimes find expression in a mental structure susceptible to a number of somatic diseases, including cancer. The case evolution, the somatic localization of the cancer, the family history provide us evidence supporting psychosomatic theories promoted by Dahlke, Alexander and others.

L’approche par compétences dans l’enseignement supérieur – une stratégie pour la société de la connaissance

Ana Gugiuman

La Conseil européen de Lisbone a conclu, en 2000, que l’amélioration de la transparence des certifications et l’apprentissage tout au long de la vie devraient être deux éléments - clés des actions visant à adopter les systèmes européens d’éducation et de formation tant aux besoins de la société de la connaissance qu’à la nécessité de relever le niveau d’emploi et d’en améliorer la qualité. Â Bergen, en mai 2005, les ministres de l’enseignement supérieur de 45 pays européens ont convenu d’adopter un cadre global des certifications. Le cœur du ce cadre est un ensemble de huit niveaux de référence qui servira de point de référence commun et neutre aux autorités chargées de l’enseignement et de la formation aux niveaux national et sectoriel. Les certifications sont décrites pour chaque niveau d’un CEC (Cadre Européen des Certifications) envisagé sous la forme de 3 types de résultats d’apprentissage: connaissances, savoir-faire et compétences plus larges décrites comme des résultats attendus sur le plan personnel et professionnel. Cette contribution cherche à répondre au question: quels enjeux représent l’approche par compétences dans l’enseignement supérieur. 

 

Teachers’ implicit theories of creativity and intelligence

Ana Maria Hojbotă
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi

People constantly describe, explain and predict intentions, traits or abilities pertaining to self and others, using sets of assumption to organize this knowledge, labeled by psychologists ‘implicit’, ‘naive’ or ‘lay’ person theories. These theories regard specific properties of psychological features, such as malleability, predictability, trans-situational consistency or their co-occurrence with other traits and behaviors. Unlike scientific theories, they are less coherent, consistent or economical, because they answer to self-serving, not only epistemic functions. Widely shared, they are often referred to as social axioms or stereotypes, recognizable in proverbs and sayings (e.g. ‘Idleness makes the wit rust’ – in a Romanian variant: ‚Mintea omului seamănă cu apa: dacă stă mult, se strică’, or ‘Practice makes perfect’ –‘Meşteşugul cere vreme şi învăţătura răbdare’), but are also built as a result of personal experience and interpersonal events. Regarding abilities, more specifically intelligence and creativity, implicit theories applied to others influence peoples behaviors in conflict and negotiation, clinicians’ strategies in setting diagnoses, educators’ and managers’ choices of motivational and assessment strategies; applied to self-concept, they operate through calibration of expectancy levels and the amount of time and effort invested in learning and development. In this study we compare the overlapping between the prototypical personality profiles of the ‘creative’ and ‘intelligent’ students, comparing the visions regarding the malleability of both intelligence and of creativity in a sample of school teachers (N=90). We also explored the association between the tendency to describe abilities as rigid or fixed, rather than malleable, to specific personality descriptors and suggest that theories of teachers tend to discriminate between the concepts of intelligence and creativity, more than previous studies, using the social validation techniques, have shown.

Nicolae Titulescu's Vision of the Legal Learning and Diplomacy

Marius Hriscu
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815.  

This year, on 16 March, we celebrated 130 years since the birth of Titulescu.Nicolae Titulescu is known for diplomatic actions. But it has held for a certain period, a meritorious teaching activity.Professor Titulescu rule to eliminate outdated teaching methods courses, lectures designing attractive, highlighting social science nature of law. In teaching, the future of Romanian foreign minister was guided by the principles of professional ethics. Also,Titulescu is one of the most important diplomats of the interwar period.The main objective of Titulescu diplomatic activity was keeping the Romanian independence, territorial integrity and its international affirmation, an objective which he has made. 

Interference of moral emotion on the decison making process as a source of aggressive behaviour

Claudia Marian
Academia Romana, Filiala Iasi

Took her place between input and output of the behaviorist, social cognitions shall analyze the social information processing as precursor of behaviors. The present paper aims the study of adolescents aggressive behavior from the perspective of its causation, more precisely, to analyze how the moral - emotions interfere with cognitive processing and precipitated the act of aggression. Here, we are interested by angry, guilt and shame as a moral emotions and by decision making as the cognitive processing. As expected results: a high level of angry, guilt and shame reduce the production of alternative answers, reduce the threshold of acceptability for replying aggressively and the cognitive disponibility of assesssing the alternative solutions, increasing the risk for aggressive behavior; reduction of the threshold of acceptability of an aggressive behavior promotes that behavior production. Conclusions: Negative emotional contents, but also the moral one (guilt, shame) influence the cognitive processing in decision making and emphasize the production of aggressive reactions to teenagers. 

The new policies of the Romanian educational system and their impact on the perception of teachers

Simona Mioara MARIN
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral  Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815. 

In the context of current socio-economic policies, the education and training of human resources have become global priorities. School, as a social organisation and as an institution responsible with training the labour force, is implicitly involved in the reform process characterising knowledge-based societies. The success of the new strategies for the development of education systems is conditioned by the activation of a high-quality management at all human resources training levels. Unfortunately, at present education institutions have to carry out their activity in unpredictable socio-economic and cultural conditions, the numerous changes being most often generated contextually as specific solutions, rather than elements of a medium and long-term strategic plan. The school teachers have the difficult task of implementing education reforms and of creating the appropriate environment for performance, quality, innovation, development, communication, cooperation, stimulation, initiative and investment. Performances in the educational domain are highly conditioned by the professional quality of the human resources which ensure the specific management at all levels. The diversification and ever-growing complexity of educational activity requires that specific competencies should be adapted to socio-economic and cultural realities. Moreover, encouraging the specific training of head teachers favours authentic changes doubled by beneficial and long-term effects achievable in a strategic, guided and planned manner. 

 

Kindergarten Teacher Professional Development: Which Aspects Of Inservice Do Teachears Believe Influence Their Classroom Practice?

Gianina Masari
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815. 

 

Philosophy of Education – Some of Its Current Moral and Religious Issues

Corina Matei
“Spiru Haret” University, Bucharest

In this paper I try to begin the articulation of a new perspective on education, first emphasizing the challenges and problems which the actual one encounters, and not only in our country. For example, there are some negative issues noticed and analyzed by Julia Kristeva, Jean-François Mattéi, Giovanni Sartori and others in their writings that fit to our Romanian educational difficulties. My opinions concerning the relation between ethics and religion and its influence on education, both in the Romanian school and society, are based on the results of a field research which I took part in not long ago. In the process of articulating my own vision of an educational philosophy, this paper is a necessary step dealing with the identification of the different mentalities which are feeding the problems nowadays.   

A comprehensive and integrative perspective toward psychological culture, acculturation and multiculturalism

Dorin NASTAS
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Progra mme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815. 

Within the last three decades a constantly increasing number of publications within the cultural and cross-cultural psychology were dealing with “acculturation” and or “multiculturalism”. A lot of work was done without careful examination of the conceptual and theoretical backgrounds of the empirical quests. The outcome is a picture of the field dominated by fragmentation and lack of unity at all the levels: in theory, methods, findings and conclusions. The once rising hopes that switching from acculturation to “psychological acculturation” and from multiculturalism to “psychological multiculturalism” will help easily to bring more focus and coherence to the field were gradually vanished. Nonetheless, a host of newly emerged conceptualizations of the psychological culture as a shared and dynamic knowledge offer promising avenues for both the revival of the field and its integration. These approaches are reviewed from a comprehensive and integrative standpoint. The very notion and meaning of “psychological” is putted at the cornerstone of this reviewing. Implications for theoretical conceptualization, operational definitions and methodological (measurement) strategies in researching psychological culture, acculturation and multiculturalism are formulated.

The Resilience in Older Persons and the Ageing Mechanisms

George Neamţu
”George Bacovia” University from Bacău, Romania

The year 2012 is declared the European Year of Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations. Such moment should be a good opportunity for a cross analyses in regard with the support and care policies for the elder persons. It is possible such an evaluation of the specialised services also because the organizational frame adjusted to the European level practices exists. But one of the main activities in the work with the elders - counselling – deserves a special attention because it envisages a quality / feature specific to the human beings – the resilience – based on which the material and financial costs can be more efficiently used. The present study analyses certain forms of specialised assistance in order to (re)activate resilience.

Créativité et Publicité: paradigmes du discours publicitaire

Doina Mihaela POPA
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815.  

Nous analyserons le processus et l’importance stratégique de la créativité dans la communication publicitaire, tout en mettant en évidence les traits, les techniques et les mécanismes persuasifs spécifiques du discours publicitaire actuel, dans le paysage urbain roumain vs européen actuel, en opposition avec la structure imobile, pathologique de la ”langue de bois” caractéristique pour la période totalitaire. Quel est le rapport entre les principales dimensions créatives de la publicité (originalité, émotion, nouveauté) et la composante attitudinale face aux marques du public? Comment la Publicité, par son discours globalisant, abolit-t-elle les frontières interculturelles et met en scène les connexions entre l’image d’un produit et ses significations socio-culturelles? Par quelles voies offre-t-elle les modèles positifs ou négatifs du sentiment de l’appartenance et du succès social désirés? Spectateurs passifs ou actifs de cette histoire live de l’image occidentale, où le langage audio-visuel est dominant et où la vidéosphère remplace graduellement la graphosphère, les „consommateurs” de culture se voient obligés d’accepter un type de régression sécurisante et dépersonnalisante, à la condition, apparemment benigne, de la consommation non conditionnée, fondamentée sur ce que F. Brune appelle le „réflexe mental collectif de l’image de marque”.

Differentiation and individualisation in educating migrant students

Nicoleta-Laura Popa
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815. 

The central terms of the present study “differentiation” and “individualisation” together with a third concept, namely “personalisation”, have been extensively and probably exaggeratedly employed in educational discourses around the world, both in policy papers and school research. They have been associated with inclusive approaches, as educational inclusion extended its conceptual borders: educational communities nowadays understand inclusion as a process targeting each individual, with his/her learning, social, emotional needs, and not necessarily disabled individuals. Beyond certain ideological connotations, the concepts of differentiation and individualisation are however unavoidable when summarising educational provisions for migrant students. A clear understanding of these principles would eventually lead to inclusive practices in diverse classrooms. Every student – including those with a migration background – is entitled to appropriate educational provisions, in order to fulfil his/her own potential, and classroom methods and techniques derived from the principles of differentiation and individualisation may account for successful interventions. In addition to questioning current understandings and usage of the announced terms in educational literature focusing on migration and migrant students, the study also proposes a summary of common classroom tools applied for differentiating and individualising classroom experiences, with the purpose of framing potential lines of interventions when dealing with culturally diverse groups of students. 

The influence of the intra-family communication on the adolescent development

Lavinia Maria Pruteanu
"Petre Andrei" University of Iași

Salvador Minuchin (1974) defines the family structure as being the invisible set of functional demands which organize the ways in which the family members interact. A family is a system which operates by means of the transactional patterns. The repeated transactions establish the patterns of how and when one relates and of who relates with whom. The transactional patterns can be verbal or nonverbal, known or unknown, but their function is to regulate the behaviour of the family members. This way, the uniqueness of each family is given by the repetitive transactions which build working patterns for they said family. Ekman’s (1980) and Ekman and Friesen’s (1971,1985) pieces of research showed that, in fact, not all the human communication can be effectively transmitted through speech and written words. People communicate their emotions and feelings through shades in the tone of the voice, in the facial expression, in gestures and in the body postures. The family, the married couple, through its entire system of behavioural acts, represents an authentic social model, the first in the order of the existent social influences and has a decisive influence on children with regard to the forming of their life conception, to their way of behaving and relating, with reference to different social norms and values. Parents exert a direct educational and shaping influence inside the family, based on the existence or nonexistence of a certain educational strategy, by using more or less systematically and methodically certain educational methods and techniques. Starting from the premise that a basic precondition in establishing and developing social and implicitly family relations is communication- in its different aspects- we have tried to analyze to what extent the quality of the family communication influences the development of the teenager’s personality. This study is part of a larger survey, conducted on a sample of 400 teenagers aged from 15 to 19 from the region of Moldavia, both from the urban and rural areas. During the undertaken research I applied a questionnaire, an interview guide,the scientific-observation method, the 16 P.F. personality test (Cattel) and the tree projective test (Koch). 

 

Analisis of risck and protective factors in drug abuse

Radoi Mihaela
University "Al. I. Cuza" Iasi, Faculty of Philpsophy and Social-Political Sciences

In the attempt to determine the causality of the delinquency phenomenon in minors, it is well-known that the weakening of the connection between the teenager and society is the main element. The components of this connection are: the attachment to a person that can motivate him/her; the involvement in utility inducing academic projects; constructively spent leisure time; the awareness that laws must be obeyed. Minors’ criminality is rooted in the profound transformations that have altered the functions of the family, the school, the community, and that have dramatically reduced their formative role for teenagers.There are various risk or protective factors that influence the attitudes and behavior of teenagers in the case of substance consumption. The analysis of these factors is useful in the development, analysis and assessment of intervention/treatment programs.The studies suggest that the support for certain measures, campaigns, activities focused on protective factors (biological, psychological, social), especially when teenagers are the target group, is a viable alternative to the encouragement and leading of life without substance consumption.

Antecedents of school engagement among Romanian adolescents

Viorel Robu
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815.  

Over the last two decades, the concept of school engagement has attracted an increased interest from researchers and professionals working in educational system. Different facets of the school engagement, as well as antecedents (e.g., individual characteristics, family circumstances, and school context) have given rise to important shifts in perspective about the importance of students’ experiences in school and the influence of these experiences on various psychological, social and academic outcomes. The aim of the present study was to explore the contribution which two individual characteristics (personal growth initiative and conscientiousness) and six variables related to family context (perceived social support from parents and quality of the relationship with parents) and school climate (perceived social support from teachers and peers, autonomy granted to students, and perceived clarity and fairness of school rules) have on the prediction of school engagement among Romanian high school students. As a statistical procedure, the hierarchical linear modeling was used. The data were collected through a six questionnaires-based survey, which were completed by 612 students in grades 9 through 12. The school engagement was measured with Student Engagement in School Questionnaire (Lam et al., in press). There were significant differences between boys and girls in school engagement, conscientiousness, perceived social support from teachers, perceived autonomy granted to students in school, and perceived clarity and fairness of school rules. There were significant correlations among all variables, ranging from 0.03 to 0.62. The conscientiousness, personal growth initiative, gender, perceived support from teachers and peers, and the quality of relationship with parents were significant predictors of school engagement. The findings are discussed in the context of their relevance for the empirical evidence on school engagement and interventions which are needed to increase the adolescents’ interest and involvement in school activities.

 

Mituri şi realităţi în istoria psihologiei româneşti

Aurel Stan
Universitatea “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” din Iaşi
Facultatea de Psihologie şi Ştiinţe ale Educaţiei

Titlul lucrării este inspirat de o constatare foarte frecvent întâlnită în istoria disciplinelor academice din ţara noastră, şi anume aceea a constituirii unor imagini exagerat de favorabile despre însemnătatea unor evenimente ştiinţifice din România şi despre contribuţiile unor personalităţi ştiinţifice româneşti la ştiinţa mondială. Crearea unei istorii mitologice a contribuţiilor ştiinţifice existente în România este un fapt cu repercusiuni negative asupra formării unei imagini de sine realiste a tinerilor angajaţi în procesul de formare universitară şi a grupurilor de tineri cercetători. Aceasta mai ales în perioada în care lumea ştiinţifică este interconectată la nivel mondial şi există instituţii care se ocupă de inventarierea contributiilor ştiinţifice de valoare. Autorul comunicării foloseşte exemple mai ales din istoria psihologiei, dar şi din alte domenii ale activităţii intelectuale.  O serie de istorici au început să separe istoriile adevarate de cele mitologice, ceea ce constituie un moment de răscruce în resuscitarea interesului cercetătorilor pentru creaţii de profunzime, adaptate înaltelor exigenţe din cercetarea mondială.

Le système d’enseignement préuniversitaire dans la Région de Développement Nord-Est

Anca Iuliana Şipoteanu
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/56815.  

Dans cet article, je vais analyser les changements subis par l’enseignement préuniversitaire dans la Région de Développement Nord-Est après l’année 1990. Les tendances enregistrées représentent le résultat de l’analyse des indicateurs de l'éducation: les dépenses publiques d’enseignement en % du PIB, l'infrastructure éducative (la dynamique dans le temps et dans l'espace - dans les comtés de la Région et selon le milieu de résidence), les ressources humaines (la population scolaire et le personnel enseignant selon le niveau d'éducation et le milieu de résidence, le nombre d'élèves par enseignant). Je vais également analyser des indicateurs concernant l'efficacité du système d’enseignement préuniversitaire (le taux de l'abandon scolaire, le nombre de diplômés selon le niveau d’éducation, le nombre des élèves admis au Baccalauréat en profil territorial) etc. Dans l'analyse j’utiliserai les données de l'Institut de Statistique de Bucarest et des Directions de Statistique des comtés de la Région de Développement Nord-Est. Les différenciations territoriales seront illustrées par des méthodes graphiques et cartographiques. Le but de cette analyse est d’identifier la mesure dans laquelle les connaissances, les aptitudes et les compétences acquises par la ressource humaine dans le système éducatif contribuent au développement économique et à l’augmentation de la compétitivité de la Région dans le contexte des exigences imposées par la société de la connaissance. 

The Romanian doctors’ migration: why should they return?

Cristina Teodorescu
Centre of Ethics and Health Policies, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iaşi, Romania

This paper is supported by Eu ropean Social Fund through Sectorial Operational Programme Human Resources Development 2007-2013.

The Romanian doctors’ migration is a phenomenon with negative consequences for our society. The purpose of this study is to investigate the benefits and the costs of practicing abroad from Romanian doctors’ perspective. We will focus on the doctors’ perception regarding their motivation for leaving their country and settle abroad or return to Romania. The methodological approach was qualitative, based on semi-structured interviews. The participants in this study were Romanian doctors who practiced abroad for at least one year and returned to Romania and who are working in other European countries, men and women, with various specialties. We used QSRNvivo 9 Programme for thematic data analysis. Results show that most participants in this study appreciate their professional experience abroad; if some of them are very favorable to the possibility of continuing their practice in a foreign country, there are also doctors who are satisfied with their life in Romania. The main benefits of working abroad are good working conditions, acquirement of new competencies, and economic gain. The most reported difficulties of working in a foreign country were hard work, lack of language skills or underqualified work. Medical doctors’ decisions to work abroad are complex and imply putting in balance multiple advantages and disadvantages associated with their choices. In this decisional process, the functioning of the Romanian health system plays a significant role, as well as personal values and life goals. 

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