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Development of quality assessment models using trapezoidal fuzzy numbers  with associated indicators.

Alecu Ionel Ciprian
Academia Română, Filiala Iași

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme  Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU 89/1.5/S/ 56815”

Dezvoltarea teoriei numerelor fuzzy din ultimele decenii au permis un transfer tehnologic deosebit și în cadrul ştiinţelor sociale. În contextul societăţii bazate pe cunoaşterea procesul de evaluare a calităţii serviciilor este mult mai complex şi reprezintă de multe ori o provocare, atat din punct de  vedere al caracterului interdisciplinar al activităţilor pe care le presupune, cat  şi a caracterul eterogen al domeniului analizat. Folosind evaluări nuanțate în analiza calității răspundem la numeroase probleme de natură conceptuală privind caracteristicile de calitate, dar și de natură metodologică privind utilizarea de variabile ordinale și interval în același model. În cadrul acestui studiu propunem să analizam importanța utilizării numerelor nuantate trapezoidale în procesul de evaluare a calităţii serviciilor sociale. Există mai multe modele (Grönroos, Parasuraman-Zeithaml-Berry- SERVQUAL, Taguchi, Kano etc ) dezvoltate de diferite școli, care urmăresc conceptualizarea și evaluarea dimensiunilor calității serviciilor, majoritatea recurgând la determinarea distanței dintre ”percepții” și ”așteptări”. În cadrul acestui articol aducem în discuție posibilitatea realizării evaluării în cadrul serviciilor de asistență socială folosind numere nuanțate(fuzzy) trapezoidale. Încercăm să oferim un instrument diferit de cunoaștere a calității serviciilor sociale care să contribuie la atingerea unui grad ridicat de comparabilitate în timp și obtinerea  unei imagini cât mai unitare. 

Risk relievers

Bertea Patricea Elena
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S/56815. 

The micro-economic theory talks about market transparency where every consumer knows all information about a certain product and is able to make a rational choice, maximizing his utility. Given that the real world is different, consumers have insufficient information, sometimes contradictory, being put many times in risky choice situations. It is more difficult as the consumer can not estimate the real risk, the objective one, but he interprets the information he has in a subjective way, creating a perceived risk that affects his buying behavior. The changes registered in the consumer behavior are due to the strategies that he applies in order to deal with risky decisions. Knowing these strategies is of great importance to marketing practitioners as they want to facilitate the buying process.

The Children Left Behind in the Context of Migration: Causes and Effects. The Case of Romania

Botezat Simona Alina
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S/56815.

Temporary parents ‘migration for work purposes, while their children remain at home, is a common social phenomenon in Romania. In this sense, this paper explores the impact of migration on child outcomes in Romania. The aim of the paper is twofold. It intends to show how the migration of parents influences the education outcomes and time allocation of their children left behind as well as to explain the consequences of the short-run and long-term absence of parents from home on the overall well-being of the children left home. Using data for Romania, we apply an instrumental variables approach to deal with the endogeneity of parents ‘migration. The results imply that the temporary parental absence from home has a significant negative impact on the well-being of the children left behind. Our findings also suggest that the migration of parents has no effect on the educational outcomes of the children left home. However, we provide evidence that the parents ‘migration has a significant impact on the allocation of time of their children between study and leisure. 

About Technological Sustainability and Perishability of Work Models

Aurica Brișcaru
Universitatea ”Petre Andrei”, Iași, România

The article aims to discuss the relation between sustainability and its impact on the labor market, especially on the work processes. Sustainable development is a holistic concept in which the economic, the social and the environment are in an inextricable connection. Due to these reasons on sustainability, a variety of views were issued. However all the debates have a common divisor: sustainability - technology connectivity. From the technology point of view, our century should be the luckiest from humans’ history: it gains froma technology thatconserves natural resources and energy, with high productivity and high efficiency that is environmentally friendly and more equitable in its impact globally.Unfortunately, it still has a major vulnerability: the new technology doesn’t by itself solve the sustainability issues of the Earthlings and Earth. And the way ofmanaging the benefits associated with computer technology, leaves gaps too wide to disseminate risk and hazard, on the macro-social and individual levels.We are at the beginning of ‘The Hybrid Age’ in which the new socio-technical era is unfolding as technologies merge with each other and humans merge with technology.Current technology's true impact isn't just physical or economic, but social and psychological as well. The article (i) analyzes some of the technological consequence on the formal work dynamics and, (ii) proposes some subjects of reflection on the most neglected aspects of the ‘sustainability”.   

Creativity and Emotional Intelligence of The Modern Manager

Marilena DONCEAN
Romanian Academy, Iaşi Branch
ICES “Gh.Zane”

This study gives us relevant answers to a series of exciting and highly topical questions such as for example: "How does creativity managers emotional intelligence?", "Which is the meaning of emotions for a manager?", "How creative are we?" , "which is the psychological profile of managers with high emotional intelligence?". Also are highlighted conclusions of research on emotional intelligence in leadership and managerial control of interpersonal relationships.

The analysis of the emotional classification methods

Feraru Silvia Monica
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S /56815.

The focus of the paper is on the parameters used and on the methods which are applied to the emotions classification, for different languages. For the Romanian language, were tested three methods, Kmeans, KNN and MLP and the emotional database used was SROL. The obtained results are compared and comparable with those from the literature.

Italian Economic System Pre and Post-Crisis

Alina-Petronela Haller
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S/56815

In this paper we want to present some characteristic features of the Italian economic system in the current and pre-crisis period. The research methodology is based on theoretical works, statistics macroindicators from official sources, as well as on conclusions drawn from direct interaction with the Italian economic environment. We will analyze to what extent the theory, characterized by statistics macroindicators and postulates, confirms or not the reality. We will focus on the processes of growth and economic development, the center of gravity and the priority of macroeconomic policies. The current economic crisis has hit the world economy, especially the European one, including that of Italy, which has thus grown more vulnerable and difficult to manage in virtue of the economic interdependence under liberalized economy, motivating us to direct our attention and analysis to this country.

The Role of the Training in a Knowledge Based Society

Ioana MANAFI
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S/56815. 

In the Europe 2020 strategy it is stipulated to help people acquiring new skills, to adapt to a changing labour market, raising employment and labour productivity, reducing unemployment, investing more in training and helping people to find a job and to have access to social benefits. Sometimes, to efficientize (or to minimize the total cost) a company/department the employees should attend training (a general or a specific one) to acquire new skills or to improve the activity. The aim of the paper is to determine which employee should attend training, what kind of training should be or if the employer should hire an agent to do the new tasks.

Factors and Conditions that Influence the Orientation of Rural Labour to Entrepreneurship

Matei Daniela
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSD RU/89/1.5/S/56815.

Rural development is a complex process, based on two general objectives, calibrated according to the available resources: 

• first, to support and accelerate the growth of the private sector by engaging it in the consolidation of rural infrastructure and boosting human capital development; 
• second, to increase productivity in agriculture and agriculture-based industries. 

Rural entrepreneurship thus emerges as a keystone for accelerating the rural development process in all its forms: from tourism and small-scale commercial activities, to industrial applications (ceramics etc.), consultancy services and the creation of added value (meat, milk, wood products). Recent approaches focus equally on new land uses and the establishment of new rural enterprises that enable the reduction in intensity of organic production and an increase in processing activities. The main factors influencing rural employment, identified in specialist literature, are: infrastructure, size, the age and gender structure and the state of health and educational level of the population, and land ownership. Each of these factors exert a major influence on the employment rate, which we will explore in detail in our presentation.  

Ecopensiunea tourist a neessity today in the modern economy

Corina Matei Gherman
FEEA, Iaşi

Starting from the idea that rural touristic pensions have exhausted their creative power and no longer attractive to a growing number of tourists, we found it necessary that a course of nine development would be cross pension creating rural tourism. This should lead primarily to changes in the way of traveling, a new philosophy of rural tourism guesthouses based solely on an offer of ecological tourism. This new approach would meet tourists who want a new quality of personal life, a new retrieval of wildlife, the landscape that exudes safety, relaxation, recovery, psychological comfort. Although the price is higher than benefits for tourists, so he is willing to pay. Cross pension rural tourism, rely exclusively on his work on ecological principles, performance and innovation as a vast field of action, in which managers and technological elite can get involved and express creatively.

The presidential referendum. Some sociological observation.

Netedu Adrian
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from t he European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S/56815

The recent presidential referendum in Romania aroused a lot of discussion and polemics. Many of debates were concentrated on political issues at the national or European level. In the same time a number of sociologists were involved in many specifically analysis and the reports failed to clarify all the people interested in sociological data. Unfortunately the political passions overshadowed the scientific debates. We want to analyze some sociological issues starting from final results of the referendum and from the various sociological interventions during the last three months in Romania.

Strategies for optimizing purchasing in the knowledge based society

Corina Pop Sitar
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S/56815.

Nowadays, in the knowledge based society, the strategic importance of purchasing has increased and professional purchasing has become a crucial factor for organizations in gaining a sustainable competitive position on the market. This article aims to present the strategic role of the purchasing for the organizations in the knowledge society.  The paper begins with the survey of the literature review about the importance of the purchasing in organizations. Next, we present the main value added that can be provided by purchasing for the organizations. Furthermore, we describe the strategies for optimizing purchasing that we developed. At the end of the paper we draw conclusions and we elaborate some guidelines for managers for optimizing the purchasing process. 

Assessment of Corporate Corruption Risk through Country Profile

Elena Monica Sabău
Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch

 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: This paper is supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU/89/1.5/S/56815 

Corporate corruption is regarded as the act of bribery for public servants or other companies, economic blackmail, illegal employment, work with minors, improper waste management. According to International Anti-Bribery Convention, issued by OECD, Transparency International, World Bank Institute, United Nations and International Business Leaders Forum, companies must integrated in anti-fraud strategies and risk management processes the corruption phenomenon. Country profile, at risk assessment time, is evaluated and transposed as a risk value, according to general economic factors such as overall level of economic activity, interest rates, availability of financing, inflation, currency revaluation, monetary government policies, taxation, financial incentives, tariff and trade restrictions, foreign exchange and control, corruption degree, civilization type, economic culture. The risk can be regarded as a function of these indicators, as each of them can be assessed independently according to their potential to cause illegal or negative - creative behaviors. Paper presents an advanced manner of corporate corruption risk assessment, using a macro-indicators quantitative and qualitative suite. Validation is achieved using various and multiple cluster analysis to group the countries considered (EU and Turkey) and then comparing the results with TI and WBI rankings, presenting new features using the key macro-suite for fraud detection, prevention and deterrence. 

Some possible methods for assessing heritage tourism [natural and anthropogenic] - reduced risks

Ion Talabă
Romanian Academy, Iaşi Branch
ICES “Gh.Zane”

In this study are presented some evaluation methods of anthropic and touristic patrimony that applied in practice helps to reduce risks. 

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